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When Did Jesus Become God?

A Christological Debate

Bart D. Ehrman
Robert B. Stewart
Michael F. Bird
  • 10/24/2022
  • 0664265863
  • 978-0-664-26586-1
  • Paperback
  • 7-10 days processing

Product Details

  • Paperback
  • 120
  • 5.5 x 8.5
  • 11.00 oz

Product Excerpts and Related Resources


"This book is the distillation of an academic dialogue that occurred at the 12th Greer-Heard Point-Counterpoint Forum. All three authors, well-published in their field. Respond to each other as they address the historical arguments on Jesus' divinity and the Christological data. Stewart provides a detailed and helpful primer for how to evaluate historical arguments. This small book offers a glimpse behind the curtain, so to speak, at how scholars derive their arguments and how a collegial engagement allows the listeners (or in this case, the readers to draw their own conclusions." – The Bible Today

“It’s not every day that you find a debate about when early Christians believed Jesus was divine prefaced by a very helpful introductory discussion of logic and how to assess historical arguments. But that in fact is what we find in this extremely interesting little book. The focus in the book is not on Jesus’ self-understanding but on what the earliest Christians believed about Jesus after his death and resurrection. The lively but respectful and humorous back-and-forth between Michael Bird and Bart Ehrman is worth the price of the book all by itself.” —Ben Witherington III, Jean R. Amos Professor of New Testament for Doctoral Studies, Asbury Theological Seminary

“Although there are many reasons to recommend When Did Jesus Become God?, I can cite three that identify this as an essential, short model for Christian debate: Stewart’s clear articulation of a user-friendly approach to historical analysis; the irenic and respectful interaction of Ehrman and Bird, which is sincerely lacking in much modern discourse; and the clear dialogic approach to a theology that is at the core of Christian faith. Get this book!” —Jacquelyn E. Winston, Professor Emerita Church History and Theology, Azusa Pacific University


“A reader may come to this book already knowing which side is correct, and I was no exception; but that did not prevent me from thoroughly enjoying the book—I enjoyed reading it more than I ever thought I would. In a world that is increasingly polarized, it is more important than ever to have—and model—respectful dialogue, debate, and disagreement. This book is important because it is both an introduction to an ongoing scholarly debate and also an example of how to argue well. The opening section on historiological methodology alone would make this book invaluable. From now on, when I teach historiography, I will assign this book.” —James L. Papandrea, Professor of Church History and Historical Theology, Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary

“In the ancient Mediterranean, ‘fathers’ were always superior to ‘sons.’ In some ancient Jewish traditions, a messiah might be divine, but he was the lieutenant, not the equal, of the supreme power, the God of Israel. By 325 CE, however, the Council of Nicaea would pronounce Christ equal in divinity to God. How, and when, did this mutation in monotheism occur? Does christological divinity—Christ as a god—imply divine identity, Christ as God? Ehrman and Bird debate all these issues with erudition and lively good humor. When did Jesus become God? Great question—with myriad different answers.” —Paula Fredriksen, Aurelio Professor Emerita of Scripture, Boston University, and Distinguished Visiting Professor, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem


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